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TIPS AND TRICKS

 


 

BECAUSE OF VS. DUE TO

 



Surprisingly, many people misuse because of and due to without even realizing it. The difference is subtle, so some people do not make the distinction. In spite of this, the rule should be followed, especially in formal writing.

 

 

THE RULE

 

Due to is a predicate adjective + preposition that means “the result of” or “resulting from.” It is always used after a form of the verb to be.

  • E.g. Her headache was due to the enormous elephant peculiarly perched on her head.

 

Because of is a preposition used to introduce an adverbial phrase and means “as a result of.” It is not used after a form of the verb to be.

  • E.g. She had a headache because of the enormous elephant peculiarly perched on her head.

 

 

THE TRICK

 

Due to has to follow some form of the verb to be.


 

PRACTICE

 


 

Decide whether because of or due to is correct in the following sentences.

 

1. His antics were partially because of/due to a burning need for adventure and a scrumptious scope for imagination.

Answer

 

2. Ironically, Frank the frog could not croak a lullaby to tiny Ted the tadpole because of/due to the frog in his throat.

Answer

 

3. The laces were quite mad at the shoe because of/due to the treatment they had been receiving as of late.

Answer

 

4. The moon’s incessant yawning was because of/due to all the overtime day shifts he had been working.

Answer

 

5. They couldn’t hear a word coming out of his oversized wart-ridden mouth because of/due to the ruckus going on in the courtyard.

Answer

 

6. Crabby Sally was upset because of/due to her dog’s superior cribbage skills.

Answer

 

7. Don’t be fooled; the dog’s dancing was because of/due to the extremely hot pavement.

Answer

 

8. The goldfish’s diabolical scheming was partially because of/due to the cat’s intensive and constant staring over the past few days.

Answer

 

9. Because of/Due to all of this, their freezer would be filled with ice cream and joy for years to come.

Answer

 

10. Personally, I think the unending rain is because of/due to your lack of enthusiasm and incessant whining. 

Answer

 


 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 


 

Flick, Jane and Celia Millward. Handbook for Writers. 3rd Canadian ed. Toronto: Harcourt Brace & Company, Ltd., 1999.

 

Messenger, William E. et al. The Canadian Writer’s Handbook. 5th ed. Toronto: Oxford University Press Canada, 2008.

 

The Chicago Manual of Style. 15th ed. rev. and expanded. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010.

 


 

Created by: Diana Franz